Gender and Criminal Justice
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As a result of a series of factors such as a lack of information, high direct and indirect costs, the perception of corruption, extreme formality and delays, geographic location and origin and the very structure of the courts, access to justice seems to be full of obstacles for the population. This is accentuated for at-risk groups, including those who are more vulnerable because of their age, gender, physical or mental status, social, economic and/or cultural circumstances.

Some of the most common reasons for vulnerability in Latin America –which have been included in tools such as the Brasilia Rules on Access to Justice for Persons At Risk- are belonging to an indigenous or minority community, migration and internal displacement, poverty and gender. Of course, determining who is in this situation will depend on their specific characteristics and even their level of social and economic development.

This area of work draws on the mechanisms and strategies that have been implemented in the region in the context of the justice reforms that have sought to expand access to provide judicial services that consider the special situation of those at risk.


  • To evaluate the way in which criminal justice reform processes have impacted gender issues.
  • international agencies and other government agencies) to monitor the impact of criminal justice reform in regard to gender and the exercise of women’s human rights.
  • To produce and disseminate information on criminality among women and systems for protecting women who are victims of violence.




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