Criminal Prosecution
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One of the key problems of inquisitory criminal justice systems was the lack of efficiency in the investigation of crimes. This was mainly due to the use of bureaucratic prosecution mechanisms that were lengthy, costly and lacked transparency. The implementation of the adversarial criminal procedure system in Latin America generated the expectation of having modern, efficient agencies responsible for the prosecution of all crimes. The Public Prosecutor’s Office has been charged with generating results in this area and has faced significant challenges throughout the implementation of the adversarial system. One of these has been breaking with the paradigm imposed by the inquisitory system. Criminal procedure reforms must change criminal prosecution, which means that they must address challenges related to the incorporation of innovative and effective investigation mechanisms that address both common and complex crime, rationalize and prioritize public resources, provide for interinstitutional coordination and address the need for institutional management along with other issues.



  • To generate information and analyses of the main problems in criminal investigation and the organization of the prosecutor’s office and auxiliary agencies involved in criminal prosecution as well as proposals for solving problems detected.
  • To document positive experiences in this area that can be used as an example and implemented in countries throughout Latin America.
  • To generate discussion of the main challenges that criminal prosecution faces in the countries of the region, focusing on issues that have yet to be resolved.







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