2014 Index of Accessibility to Judicial Information on the Internet
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DESCRIPTION

The Index of Online Access to Judicial Information (IAcc) is an indicator developed by a group of JSCA experts in 2004 that is designed to measure the level of access to judicial information provided by the Websites of OAS member states’ judicial branches and prosecution services. A series of information categories were identified. Their assessment yields a single value that represents the level of compliance with a series of standards of active transparency, open government, accountability and technological best practices.

The IAcc is currently in its 9th version, which corresponds to the results from the year 2014. The information for that year was gathered between October and December. Later changes to the Websites were not considered for this edition of the index. As was the case in previous years, JSCA staff accessed the institutions’ official Websites and assigned scores based on the criteria and assessment scale for the basic information required. Annex II of this report provides a detailed explanation of the methodology used and Annex III contains the definitions of each of the information categories as well as the sub-indicators and corresponding guidelines.

Ten years after its implementation, the IAcc has positioned itself as a point of reference and tool for the continuing development of judicial branches and prosecution services in the region. The IAcc currently enjoys an unquestioned reputation of quality and seriousness and is regularly cited by high-ranking judicial branch officials from the region as well as researchers, academics and other key stakeholders.

MAP RESULTS (All of the texts listed below are in Spanish unless otherwise noted)

 

GRAPHIC RESULTS


Click Here to view the results of the global indicators, judicial branch results and prosecution service results for the IAcc from 2004 to the current index.

This graphic allows you to sort the various indicators that make up the IAcc by selecting each of the axes of the graphic .

RESULTS BY RANK

GLOBAL INDICATORS


The IAcc is a weighted indicator, which means that its components have a greater or lower relative weight in at least two senses. First, each of the information categories evaluated has a relative weight within the results of the evaluation by institution. Second, the Global IAcc has the weight of the values obtained by each institution included in the evaluation. The relative weights are as follows:

Global IAcc Weighting Table


Judicial Branches

Public Prosecutor’s Offices

60%

40%


This second calculation yields the global indicators of the 34 OAS member countries, which are listed in this section based on the rank that each holds from highest score to lowest and then in regard to the categorization of the various countries based on the deciles technique.

The idea is also to compare the scores to the scores from previous versions in order to look at the countries’ evolution in the fulfillment of the active transparency standards used in the IACC.

 

RESULTS BY RANK

This ranking system allows the 33 member states to be ranked in decreasing order based on the global results. The rankings for this IAcc version are as follows:

Rank

Country

IAcc

1

Chile

87.32%

2

Brazil

78.25%

3

Costa Rica

77.94%

4

United States

76.20%

5

Paraguay

72.98%

6

Canada

72.19%

7

Mexico

69.74%

8

Guatemala

65.26%

9

Dominican Republic

64.95%

10

Panama

63.64%

11

Colombia

63.47%

12

Peru

62.76%

13

El Salvador

62.48%

14

Honduras

58.48%

15

Argentina

55.91%

16

Ecuador

55.67%

17

Uruguay

50.88%

18

Jamaica

34.08%

19

Trinidad and Tobago

32.56%

20

Nicaragua

31.58%

21

Bahamas

29.88%

22

Granada

29.73%

23

Venezuela

28.45%

24

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

28.36%

25

Antigua and Barbuda

28.08%

26

Saint Lucia

25.86%

27

Saint Kitts and Nevis

23.86%

28

Guyana

23.61%

29

Dominica

23.25%

30

Bolivia

15.83%

31

Belize

15.38%

32

Barbados

13.78%

33

Haiti

0.00%

33

Suriname

0.00%


Chile was ranked first in this version of the IAcc with a score of 87.32%. It is followed by Brazil, Costa Rica, the United States and Paraguay. The remaining countries in the top 10 are Canada, Mexico, Guatemala, the Dominican Republic and Panama.


The average for the 34 OAS member states was 44.78%. The median was 42.48%. Given this, half of the countries (the first 17) fall above the average and the other half below it. The last five places were held by Guyana, Dominica, Bolivia, Belize and Barbados.

RESULTS BY JUDICIAL BRANCH RANK

This section presents the results obtained on the evaluation of the judicial branch Websites of the 34 OAS member states based on the categories used in the IAcc for this institution.

Rank

Country (Judicial Branch)

IAcc

1

Chile

95.61%

2

Canada

79.93%

3

Brazil

79.20%

4

Costa Rica

78.99%

5

Paraguay

72.41%

6

Mexico

71.98%

7

El Salvador

69.11%

8

United States

68.59%

9

Argentina

67.40%

10

Dominican Republic

66.77%

11

Guatemala

66.63%

12

Ecuador

66.25%

13

Panama

63.19%

14

Peru

57.70%

15

Honduras

57.15%

16

Colombia

56.99%

17

Uruguay

55.32%

18

Saint Lucia

43.10%

19

Antigua and Barbuda

39.76%

19

Granada

39.76%

19

Saint Kitts and Nevis

39.76%

19

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

39.76%

23

Bahamas

39.52%

24

Trinidad and Tobago

39.39%

25

Jamaica

37.67%

26

Nicaragua

36.79%

27

Dominica

27.54%

28

Bolivia

26.38%

29

Belize

25.63%

30

Guyana

23.39%

31

Barbados

22.96%

32

Venezuela

16.72%

33

Haiti

0.00%

33

Suriname

0.00%


Chile placed first on the IAcc Judicial Branch rankings and was the only country to score over 90%.
Canada, which reported its highest results yet, was ranked second with 79.93%. Brazil came in third with 79.20%.
The other countries with scores over 70% were Costa Rica (4th place, 78.99%), Paraguay (5th, 72.41%), and Mexico (6th place with 71.98%).
The general average among the judicial branches in the region was 49.16, which is 0.57 percentage points higher than the previous year.
Five countries scored between 10 and 30%: Dominica, Bolivia, Belize, Guyana, Barbados and Venezuela. Haiti and Suriname placed last because they did not have Websites to evaluate.

PUBLIC PROSECUTOR’S OFFICE RANKINGS

The 34 OAS member states were evaluated based on the Websites of their public prosecutor’s offices or equivalent institutions that handle public prosecution. The results are presented below:

Rank

Country (Public Prosecutor’s Office)

IAcc

1

United States

87.63%

2

Brazil

76.83%

3

Costa Rica

76.37%

4

Chile

74.90%

5

Paraguay

73.83%

6

Colombia

73.18%

7

Peru

70.35%

8

Mexico

66.38%

9

Panama

64.32%

10

Guatemala

63.21%

11

Dominican Republic

62.23%

12

Canada

60.58%

13

Honduras

60.46%

14

El Salvador

52.52%

15

Venezuela

46.04%

16

Uruguay

44.23%

17

Ecuador

39.79%

18

Argentina

38.67%

19

Jamaica

28.69%

20

Guyana

23.93%

21

Nicaragua

23.77%

22

Trinidad and Tobago

22.32%

23

Dominica

16.81%

24

Bahamas

15.42%

25

Granada

14.67%

26

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

11.25%

27

Antigua and Barbuda

10.56%

28

Barbados

0.00%

28

Belize

0.00%

28

Bolivia

0.00%

28

Haiti

0.00%

28

Saint Kitts and Nevis

0.00%

28

Saint Lucia

0.00%

28

Suriname

0.00%


The United States placed first on the public prosecutor’s office ranking with an indicator of 87.63%, the highest score that the country has obtained since the first version of the IAcc.
The countries that placed at the top with scores over 70% were, besides the US, Brazil, Costa Rica, Chile, Paraguay, Colombia and Peru.
The average score obtained by the 34 member states was 38.2%, which is 0.61 percentage points higher than the previous version.
Seven countries could not be evaluated because they did not have a Website that met the measurement standards, which is up one from the previous version. All of the countries in this group were Caribbean except for Bolivia.
The countries that were evaluated but did not obtain scores higher than 20% were Dominica (16.81%), Bahamas (15.42%), Granada (14.67%), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (11.25%) and Antigua and Barbuda (10.56%).

 

REPORT ON THE RESULTS OF THE 9th VERSION

All of the texts listed below are in Spanish unless otherwise noted

 

 

 

PREVIOUS INDEXES

All of the texts listed below are in Spanish unless otherwise noted

 

 

 

 

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